By T. Kamusella
After 1918 principal Europe's multiethnic empires have been changed by means of realms, which gave upward push to an strange ethnolinguistic form of nationalism. This booklet presents a close heritage and linguistic research of ways the numerous languages of imperative Europe have built from the tenth century to the current day.
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Additional resources for Creating Languages in Central Europe During the Last Millennium
Subsequently during the period of patriotic (national) agitation, or Phase B, an initially small number of members of the ethnic group with a modicum of education propose making it into a nation, more often than not in emulation of similar nation-building projects. ’ Hroch’s Phase C marks the rise of the mass national movement led by the most successful activists of Phase B. The ethnic group is transformed into a nation and its increasingly literate members adopt the newly codified language for a growing number of situations and contexts.
They appeal and protest to the authorities for education in their own national language. As a result Haugen’s stage of the ‘elaboration of function’ has been achieved. 0005 Creating Languages in Central Europe During the Last Millennium model, I add it for the period when the nation-in-making (or rather its growing leadership that is increasingly successful in political terms) works toward and eventually gains its own nation-state. The nation’s language is declared as official in the polity, marking Haugen’s stage of the ‘acceptance of this language by the community’ (nation).
In reality the situation on the ground may be far more complicated and messy. Different stages of language, nation or nation-state formation may occur in a different sequence, may be stopped or reverted at various stages, and do not need to correspond to each other so neatly. Furthermore, languages began to be formed through writing much earlier, before the appearance of the first nations. Hence, these models, as instruments of analysis, pertain more to the current age of nationalism, or even more specifically, to the sociopolitical realities of today’s Central Europe that is composed of almost exclusively ethnolinguistic nation-states.
Creating Languages in Central Europe During the Last Millennium by T. Kamusella