By Paul J. J. Welfens (auth.), Paul J.J. Welfens (eds.)
Information & communique know-how (ICT) and the automobile quarter are of crucial industries within the ecu and the USA. The EU’s jap enlargement and monetary globalization have strengthened pageant at the one hand; however the significance of outsourcing and off-shoring has elevated. by contrast historical past the intensification of innovation dynamics turns into the most important – and with them the function of nearby innovation clusters. The research examines seven areas and 6 ecu international locations. the focal point is on cluster and community dynamics in either industries, as local ICT clusters are taking part in an more and more vital position in lots of eu areas. Specialization and structural switch within the car quarter are highlighted, and new strategic ways for multinational businesses and alterations in coverage innovations are identified.
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Extra resources for Clusters in Automotive and Information & Communication Technology: Innovation, Multinationalization and Networking Dynamics
Welfens Fig. 18 Cooperation network ICT—Budapest/Gy€ or 2000–2007. Source: EIIW calculations Fig. 19 Cooperation network ICT—Budapest/Gy€ or 1992–1999. Source: EIIW calculations 1 Regional Innovation and Cluster Policies in the New and Old Economy 29 Fig. 20 Mobility network ICT—Budapest/Gy€ or 2000–2007. Source: EIIW calculations Nokia Corporation Nokia Siemens Networks Oy Guardware Systems informatikai Kft. Risoe National Laboratory Siemens AG Optilink AB Dermo Trade RT. 3DHISTECH KFT Roche Diagnostics GmbH EllW Fig.
2 The Region of Dortmund and the Bergisch City Triangle Germany’s largest state has promoted ICT in the region of Dortmund that consists of the cities of Dortmund, Hamm, and Unna. This area had a strong focus on iron and steel over decades, but since the 1980s, local and regional policymakers have Fig. 2 Cooperation network ICT—Vienna Region 2000–2007. J. Welfens Fig. 3 Cooperation network ICT—Vienna Region 1992–1999. Source: EIIW calculations Fig. 4 Mobility network ICT—Vienna Region 2000–2007.
ContentID¼94&TARANTULA_SESSID¼iGtsnSKXWDGHRYkzea1r413t). • The new Hungarian government adopted a “Digital Renewal Action Plan” in 2010 that summarizes its ICT and information society strategy up till 2014. pdf. According to the document, the Hungarian ICT sector has currently 100,000 employees in 14,000 enterprises, and the output of the sector amounts to HUF 4,500 billion (Figs. 43). 4 Network Indicators for ICT Regions In all regions considered, the number of ICT patents has increased over time (note that the patent numbers shown allocate one half of a patent to region A and region B if there are two inventors from the two regions in the patent application).
Clusters in Automotive and Information & Communication Technology: Innovation, Multinationalization and Networking Dynamics by Paul J. J. Welfens (auth.), Paul J.J. Welfens (eds.)