By Marianna Torgovnick
The Description for this publication, Closure within the Novel, might be forthcoming.
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In his semiautobiographical novel, Cyclops, Croatian author Ranko Marinkovic recounts the adventures of younger theater critic Melkior Tresic, an archetypal antihero who comes to a decision to starve himself to prevent scuffling with within the entrance traces of global warfare II. As he wanders the streets of Zagreb in a near-hallucinatory kingdom of paranoia and malnourishment, Melkior encounters a colourful circus of characters—fortune-tellers, shamans, actors, prostitutes, bohemians, and café intellectuals—all dwelling in a delicate dream of a society approximately to be replaced eternally.
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Our earliest royal decree comes from the late Fourth Dynasty reign of Shepseskaf, while the Fifth Dynasty Abusir Papyri contain the first royal decrees and letters written on papyrus. Strudwick, Texts from the Pyramid Age, 97–98, 175–176 (#16 & #92). Royal decrees and letters are sometimes also embedded into the biographical texts of the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties. Strudwick, Texts from the Pyramid Age, 37 & 55–56. 9 For translations of these texts, see Strudwick, Texts from the Pyramid Age, #200, #225, #235, #227.
M. Blackman, Middle Egyptian Stories, BiAe 2 (Brussels: Fondation égyptologique reine É lisabeth, 1932), 41–48. The tale survives in one extant copy, P. St-Petersburg 1115. ” Parkinson, Sinuhe and other Ancient Egyptian Poems, 91. In contrast, Allen proposes a late Eleventh or early Twelfth Dynasty date for both the composition and the one surviving version of the tale. James P. Allen, Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, The Development of Egyptian Narrative Literature 29 generically homogenous—at least on the surface.
14 Baines, “Prehistories of literature,” 29. . if only because Egypt had fully continuous writing for about six hundred years, and more limited writing for a millennium, before there were certainly belles-lettres. If ‘literature’ is a near universal and relates to general human phenomena outside of itself, this gap should be investigated. ” Baines, “Prehistories of literature,” 19. Moreover, when Baines attempts to model oral “prehistories of literature,” his analysis is by necessity confined almost exclusively to material firmly embedded in the sphere of “high culture”: biographies, temple rituals, “fictional” speeches of the gods to the king, medical texts.
Closure in the Novel by Marianna Torgovnick