By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Committee on Frontiers at the Interface of Computing and Biology, Herbert S. Lin, John C. Wooley
Advances in computing device technological know-how and know-how and in biology during the last a number of years have unfolded the chance for computing to aid resolution basic questions in biology and for biology to assist with new techniques to computing. taking advantage of the examine possibilities on the interface of computing and biology calls for the lively participation of individuals from either fields. whereas prior makes an attempt were made during this path, situations at the present time seem to be even more favorable for development. to assist reap the benefits of those possibilities, this learn used to be asked of the NRC via the nationwide technology beginning, the dep. of safety, the nationwide Institutes of wellbeing and fitness, and the dept of power. The record presents the root for developing cross-disciplinary collaboration among biology and computing together with an research of capability impediments and techniques for overcoming them. The record additionally provides a wealth of examples that are meant to motivate scholars within the organic sciences to appear for tactics to let them to be better clients of computing of their reports.
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Extra info for Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing And Biology
DNA may also be the basis of nanofabrication technologies. Biomimetic devices are mechanical, electrical, or chemical systems in which an attempt has been made to mimic the way that a biological system solves a particular problem. Successes include robotic locomotion (based on legged movements of arthropods), artificial blood or skin, and others. Approaches with general-purpose applicability are less clearly successes, though they are still intriguing. These include attempts to develop approaches to computer security that are modeled on the mammalian immune system and approaches to programming based on evolutionary concepts.
2 From the Computing Side From the viewpoint of the computer scientist, there is an as-yet-unfulfilled promise that biology may have significant potential to influence computer design, component fabrication, and software. 1), because such considerations are, with only a few exceptions, relevant to future outcomes and not to what has been or is already being delivered. In one sense, this should not be very surprising. 4 Thus, paths along which biology may influence computing are less clear than the reverse, and work in this area should be expected to have longer time horizons and to take the form of many largely independent threads, rather than a hierarchy of interrelated or intellectual thrusts.
Bioinformatics provides the glue for systems biology, and computational biology provides new insights into key experimental approaches and how to tackle the challenges of nature. In short, computing and information technology applied to biological problems is likely to play a role for 21st century biology that is in many ways analogous to the role that molecular biology has played across all fields of biological research for the last quartercentury—and computing and information technology will become embedded within biological research itself.
Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing And Biology by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Committee on Frontiers at the Interface of Computing and Biology, Herbert S. Lin, John C. Wooley