By Derek Wilson
They say that background is written by way of the winners. now not in response to Derek Wilson.
In this attention-grabbing, revelatory publication, Wilson tells the tale from the perspective of the losers – collating a list of calamities and catastrophes that experience formed our global greater than historians are inclined to enable on.
In ten lucid and exciting chapters, the writer identifies the very worst years of human background, from the destruction of the Roman Empire in 541 to the speedy aftermath of the yank Civil battle in 1865, from the march on Leningrad in 1942 to the Vietnam battle of 1968. Condensing thousand years of warfare, plague, misrule and political villainy, he identifies the traitors, scumbags and villains, whose lust for strength – and infrequently, sheer incompetence – introduced such terror to their occasions. He delves into the typical forces past human keep an eye on that experience burnt up entire peoples. And, so much of all, he indicates how background has a terrible behavior of repeating itself.
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Additional resources for Calamities and Catastrophes: The Ten Absolutely Worst Years in History
Qxb:GNM: Piracy 6/13/11 8:59 AM Page 48 PIRATES of internecine sectarian conflicts known as the French Wars of Religion (1562– 98). On the one hand the withdrawal of privateering letters of marque ended state-sponsored attacks on the Spanish. Further, the growing religious war in France meant that former privateers such as le Clerc and de Sores became enmeshed in their own homegrown religious struggle and let the Spanish alone. On the other, it also meant that when the French Protestants (Huguenots) suffered a string of reverses and were driven from their homes, groups of exiles elected to establish settlements of their own in the New World.
It then sailed on to join the New Spain fleet in Havana. qxb:GNM: Piracy 6/13/11 8:59 AM Page 43 SEA DOGS OF THE RENAISSANCE Usually the two flotas returned home separately. The aim was to sail from Havana by July at the latest, in which case the New Spain fleet was due back in Seville in September, and the Tierra Firme fleet in October. However, in time of war the two convoys would often band together for protection, even if this meant putting off the sailing for a month or so—a decision that involved a substantial risk, as it could delay departure until well within the hurricane season, which lasted from June until November.
He surrendered after a six-hour fight, and on being landed in a Basque port he was turned over to the Spanish authorities. Under torture he confessed to the capture of more than 150 Spanish ships, which may have been an exaggeration, but which at least highlights the scale of the privateering problem facing the Spanish at the time. Jean Fleury was duly tried and executed as a pirate. By the 1530s the French threat became even more serious. In 1533 another Spanish treasure ship was captured off the Azores, while between 1535 and 1547 no fewer than 23 Spanish ships operated by the Casa de Contratación were lost to French corsairs in the Spanish Main, with further losses reported in home waters.
Calamities and Catastrophes: The Ten Absolutely Worst Years in History by Derek Wilson