By J.S. Bromley, Ernst Heinrich Kossman
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Additional info for Britain and the Netherlands in Europe and Asia: Papers delivered to the Third Anglo-Dutch Historical Conference
Attitudes displayed towards the Dutch were particularly inconsistent. On the one hand it was argued that, from motives of self-preservation, they were bound to defend Flanders as their 'barrier' and to maintain a balance in Europe, so that England need not concentrate her own energies on either task. Yet self-interest, in terms of commercial advantage and fmancial retrenchment, and the internal struggle between William and Amsterdam, might lead them to conclude a separate peace (as in 1678), or even to renew the old alliance with France.
For the economic aspects of Dutch foreign policy see G. N. J. M. VAN EYSINGA, The Colonial Conferences between England and the Netherlands in 1613 and 1615 (2 vols, Leiden, 194o-sr); C. WILSON, Profit and Power: a Study of England and the Dutch Wars (1957); C. R. BoXER, The Dutch Seaborne Empire (1965); J. E. J. KoLKERT, Nederland en het Zweedsche imperialisme (Deventer, 1908); S. ELZINGA, Het voorspel van den oorlog van 1672 (Haarlem, 1926); S. , Mare Clausum (Amsterdam, 1872). A great number of biographical and monographical studies deal with aspects of foreign policy relevant to our essay.
It was no longer their anti-continental, or anti-European, tradition which kept them from following William III, but the 'anomalous' conduct of England. When, fmally, the events of r688 had assured them that England would collaborate, they backed the European policy ofWilliam, and they were even willing to sacrifice their cherished interest in an independent Dutch maritime power and to concentrate on war on the Continent, so alien to their diplomatic tradition. After William's death it was they, in fact, who carried out his policy.
Britain and the Netherlands in Europe and Asia: Papers delivered to the Third Anglo-Dutch Historical Conference by J.S. Bromley, Ernst Heinrich Kossman