By Tomoko Matsui
Whereas it has lengthy been taken with no consideration that context or historical past details performs a vital function in reference project, there were only a few critical makes an attempt to enquire precisely how they're used. This learn presents a solution to the query via an in depth research of circumstances of bridging. The e-book demonstrates that once encountering a referring expression, the hearer is ready to decide on a suite of contextual assumptions meant via the speaker in a principled approach, out of all of the assumptions most likely to be had to him. It claims extra in particular that using context, besides as. Read more...
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Additional info for Bridging and Relevance
9). This approach is fundamentally different from the code model. It claims that beyond the linguistic meaning of an utterance there is another layer of meaning which might be called ‘speaker’s meaning’ or ‘intended meaning’, identification of which is the goal of the interpretation process. As Sperber & Wilson put it: Verbal communication is a complex form of communication. Linguistic coding and decoding is involved, but the linguistic meaning of an uttered sentence falls short of encoding what the speaker means: it merely helps the audience infer what she means.
The question is whether he would then be entitled to expect to include (6e) and (6f). g. (6e) and (6f)) requires more processing effort. It is also true, of course, that these assumptions might provide further cognitive effects. It is therefore reasonable to ask why the hearer should not go on extending the context indefinitely, getting ever more cognitive effects and attributing to the speaker the intention to convey them. The revised definition of optimal relevance provides two answers to this.
Suppose that the two people engaged in conversation (13) are a couple, and they want to keep a good relationship. Suppose also that they both know that B likes Italian food. g. B does not feel well, B is in a bad mood for some reason, B has some reason to upset A, etc. Therefore, if B wants to avoid such unnecessary speculation occurring in A’s mind, and wants to explain why she does not fancy Italian food on this particular occasion, an answer such as the one in (13) should be chosen. For A, as a hearer, this answer is much better than the direct ‘no’ answer, since A was expecting to hear ‘yes’, and if the answer is ‘no’, he will naturally require some sort of explanation for it.
Bridging and Relevance by Tomoko Matsui