Download e-book for kindle: Biology, Medicine and Society 1840-1940 by Charles Webster

By Charles Webster

ISBN-10: 0511562829

ISBN-13: 9780511562822

ISBN-10: 052123770X

ISBN-13: 9780521237703

ISBN-10: 0521533317

ISBN-13: 9780521533317

Through the interval 1840-1940 biology and drugs have been remodeled, and took on significant implications for social amelioration and inhabitants progress. New organic disciplines similar to genetics and psychology consciously used medical clarification to redefine the lifetime of the person. This quantity originates from a prior and current convention on 'The Roots of Sociobiology' held in 1978 and accommodates the result of fresh learn on difficulties within the social kinfolk of the organic sciences. The authors describe various ancient facets of the interrelationship of technical event and social coverage within the fields of health and wellbeing, schooling and social welfare. perception is supplied into modern debates on actual and racial deterioration, the resources and distribution of intelligence, the appliance of evolutionary biology to social and political conception, and the research of human societies. The authors bring up problems with topical curiosity, akin to the emergence and impact of eugenics, the starting place and impression of intelligence trying out, the connection among eugenics, genetics and evolutionary idea, and the factors of the twentieth-century relief in child and maternal mortality. the realm of insurance is Britain, the US and Germany. The creation presents a evaluation of contemporary examine at the social family of biology and drugs.

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CRESTED LARK 3 TEXEL, NETHERLANDS NORTHERN VISITORS Huge numbers of geese from far northern breeding areas, including Pink-footed, Barnacle, and White-fronted Geese, have come to rely on European farmland in winter – feeding on grass and waste crops. 5 BIEBRZA MARSHES, POLAND A wonderful island to visit all year round, it sees breeding Blacktailed Godwits, Ruffs, and Redshanks on wetter nature reserves in summer. In winter, large numbers of Lapwings, Snipe, Oystercatchers, Golden Plovers, Brent, Bean, and Whitefronted Geese, Wigeon, Mallards, Shovelers, other wildfowl, birds of prey, and finches, including Twites, visit the area.

However, Crested Larks feed in the open spaces. These are habitats for a few specialist species that require the mixture of open space and patchy scrub, which is often maintained by grazing animals and periodic fires. Dartford Warblers are resident in such areas while Nightjars are summer visitors to them. In the summertime a variety of birds take advantage of the insect food and nesting opportunities found in dense heather and gorse. Some thickets have Nightingales that prefer dense vegetation down to ground level, while open spaces see nesting Stone-curlews and Woodlarks, which need bare earth to pick up insects from.

But this food source is not uniformly distributed: ocean currents and seasonal changes mean the birds have to travel great distances in order to locate food, often far from the cliffs that offer them nest sites. The Kittiwake spends months in the middle of the ocean. It is attracted to fishing boats, where it feeds on discarded, undersized fish. ADAPTATIONS Narrow wings form stiff “paddles” that Razorbills and Puffins use to “fly” acrobatically deep underwater when they are in pursuit of fish. A special bill with a fleshy “rosette” at the base helps the Puffin to keep the edges of its mandibles parallel as it opens them, so that it can carry a line of fish neatly held tight with its tongue.

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Biology, Medicine and Society 1840-1940 by Charles Webster


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