By Jean-Paul Sartre
Born in Paris in 1905, Sartre used to be a professor of philosophy while he joined the French military on the outbreak of worldwide battle II. Captured through the Germans, he was once published, after approximately a 12 months, in 1941. He instantly joined the French resistance as a journalist. within the postwar period Jean-Paul Sartre - thinker, critic, novelist, and dramatist - turned some of the most influential males of this century. He died in Paris in 1980.
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Born in Paris in 1905, Sartre used to be a professor of philosophy while he joined the French military on the outbreak of worldwide warfare II. Captured via the Germans, he used to be published, after approximately a 12 months, in 1941. He instantly joined the French resistance as a journalist. within the postwar period Jean-Paul Sartre - thinker, critic, novelist, and dramatist - grew to become probably the most influential males of this century.
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Additional resources for Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology
12 But even if we grant this point, we must recognize that he is doing it in terms of the structure of the mind and not of an order effected within the products of the mind or within the world itself. Moreover he believes that the original choice of consciousness antedates logic itself, that by a pre-logical choice we decide whether or not we will confine ourselves within the rules of logic. In connection with the emotions we have seen that consciousness may, if it chooses, use its nihilating power for a complete—though ineffective and temporary—annihilation of the world.
It is not exhausted by any or by all of its appearances, though it is fully there in each one of its appearances. ) It always overflows whatever knowledge we have of it—just as it is presupposed by all our questions and by consciousness itself. This “transphenomenality of Being” means that the object of consciousness is always outside and transcendent, that there is forever a resistance, a limit offered to consciousness, an external something which must be taken into consideration. Nevertheless we have not substituted a realistic position for the idealistic.
The Cartesian cogito is reflective, and its object is not itself but the original consciousness of doubting. The consciousness which doubted is now reflected on by the cogito but was never itself reflective; its only object is the object which it is conscious of as doubtful. These conclusions lead Sartre to establish the pre-reflective cogito as the primary consciousness, and in all of his later work he makes this his original point of departure. Now it might seem at first thought that this position would involve an infinite regress.
Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology by Jean-Paul Sartre