By Sheldon Cohen, Gary W. Evans, Daniel Stokols, David S. Krantz
Eight years in the past, 4 psychologists with various backgrounds yet a standard in terest within the impression of environmental rigidity on habit and future health met to plot a examine of the results of airplane noise on young children. The impetus for the research used to be a piece of writing within the la occasions approximately architectural interventions that have been deliberate for a number of noise-impacted faculties less than the air hall of l. a. Interna tional Airport. those interventions created a chance to check a similar chil dren in the course of noise publicity after which later after the publicity were attenuated. The research used to be designed to check the generality of a number of noise results that were good tested in laboratory experimental reports. It fascinated with 3 parts: the connection among noise and private keep an eye on, noise and a focus, and noise and cardiovascular reaction. years later, a moment examine, designed to copy and expand findings from the 1st, was once conducted.
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Additional info for Behavior, Health, and Environmental Stress
The longer the duration of the study, the greater this problem. Subject attrition is an especially difficult problem if leaving the study is related to outcome variables. For example, what could one conclude if people with high blood pressure dropped out of a longitudinal study on the effects of noise more often than those with low blood pressure. , equivalent persons living in quiet neighborhoods), the attrition bias will lead to the groups looking more similar than they actually are. Attrition biases can also differ across groups.
Young children (a) may have less cognitive capacity and thus lower thresholds for information overload (Cohen, 1978; Evans, 1978b); (b) may be unable to adequately anticipate stressors and consequently plan coping strategies; (c) may lack well-developed coping repertoires and thus have less flexibility in meeting various adaptive challenges and threats from their surroundings; and (d) have organs that are not fully developed that may be more vulnerable to the physiological effects of stress and/or the coping process than those of physically mature adults.
For example, if noise exposure is the predictor variable, the prospective2 analysis assumes that persons are exposed to a specified range of noise from the original point of prediction until the final point of measurement. If, for example, noise levels varied randomly for different people in the sample, the probability of finding changes in health or behavior associated with initial level of exposure would be small. The stability assumption is not usually a problem in studying exposure to environmental stress but can be a serious problem when predicting changes in behavior or health from unstable psychological variables like emotional states.
Behavior, Health, and Environmental Stress by Sheldon Cohen, Gary W. Evans, Daniel Stokols, David S. Krantz