Download e-book for iPad: Basic Writings of Existentialism (Modern Library Classics) by Gordon Marino

By Gordon Marino

ISBN-10: 0375759891

ISBN-13: 9780375759895

Edited and with an creation via Gordon Marino

Basic Writings of Existentialism, designated to the trendy Library, offers the writings of key 19th- and twentieth-century thinkers widely united by means of their trust that simply because lifestyles has no inherent that means people can become aware of, we needs to ensure that means for ourselves. This anthology brings jointly into one quantity the main influential and in most cases taught works of existentialism. individuals comprise Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Ralph Ellison, Martin Heidegger, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo.

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If anybody had asked me what existence was, I should have replied in good faith that it was nothing, just an empty form which added itself to external things, without changing anything in their nature. And then, all of a sudden, there it was, as clear as day: existence had suddenly unveiled itself. It had lost its 33 SARTRE'S BEING AND NOTHINGNESS harmless appearance as an abstract category: it was the very stuff of things, that root was steeped in existence. [. ] It was no use my repeating to myself: 'It is a root' that didn't work any more.

It seems we are pushed to introduce a 'third term', which does know their iden­ tity; but then the relation of this third, 'super'-I to the previous two terms needs to be accounted for, and an infinite regress is set in motion. Any account which takes self-knowledge to be ungrounded runs, therefore, into insurmountable difficul­ · ties , the only solution to which is to suppose that, just as we accept in the case of knowledge of objects that there must be something prior on which it is grounded, viz.

But what makes possible this relation of 'indication'? It requires an individual perceptual aspect to 'transcend itself' towards other possible appearances of the object or, to re­ express this requirement in subjective terms, the subject to transcend the given individual perceptual aspect 'toward the total series of which it is a member' (xxiii/13) (for, as Sartre notes, it is necessary for me to have at least the idea of the total­ ity of appearances of an object, infinite though it may be). And with this we seem to be back with at least some of the old dual­ isms: the object is in one sense contained within, and in another sense outside of, any given perceptual aspect; it allows itself to be thought of as a potentiality for actualization in perceptual aspects; and it is composed of an essence which, it seems, must be numerically distinct from the individual appearance which manifests it.

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Basic Writings of Existentialism (Modern Library Classics) by Gordon Marino

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