By Matt Grossmann
Why do Republican politicians promise to rein in govt, in basic terms to stand repeated rebellions from Republican electorate and media critics for betraying their rules? Why do Democratic politicians suggest an array of alternative regulations to compare the range in their supporters, in basic terms to turn into mired in stark demographic divisions over factor priorities? in brief, why do the 2 events act so differently-whether within the voters, at the crusade path, or in public office?
Asymmetric Politics deals a entire clarification: The Republican social gathering is the car of an ideological stream whereas the Democratic social gathering is a coalition of social teams. Republican leaders prize conservatism and allure aid through pledging loyalty to large values. Democratic leaders as a substitute search concrete executive motion, attractive to electorate' workforce identities and pursuits via endorsing particular policies.
This clean and entire research finds how Democrats and Republicans imagine another way approximately politics, depend upon certain assets of knowledge, argue previous each other, and pursue divergent objectives in executive. It offers a rigorous new realizing of up to date polarization and governing disorder whereas demonstrating how longstanding positive factors of yankee politics and public coverage replicate our uneven get together system.
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Additional info for Asymmetric politics : ideological Republicans and group interest Democrats
More than half of strong Democrats expressed their views of the parties and candidates in terms of group benefits, but only about 12 percent of strong Republicans did so. Figure 2-6 confirms that this finding is not an artifact of the hierarchical scale of mutually exclusive categories, displaying the mean number of mentions of ideological concepts and social groups by respondents to the 2004 ANES within each of the seven categories of party identification. 28 In other words, the Republican propensity for ideological thinking does not depend on education or religion; it is instead a product of the conservative movement’s successful communication of its version of the American political tradition to the party’s electorate.
In 2000, the most recent available data coded for level of conceptualization, the proportion of respondents categorized as ideologues was notably higher among Republicans—especially those who strongly identified with the party—than among Democrats or independents, as revealed by Figure 2-5. 1 0 Strong Democrat Weak Democrat Lean Democrat Independent Ideologues/Near-Ideologues Lean Republican Weak Republican Strong Republican Group Benefits Proportion of respondents in each party identification category who were categorized as ideologues or near- ideologues and as group benefits voters on the levels of conceptualization scale.
2 points). Both liberals and Democrats have represented a declining share of the electorate since the 1950s, though the decline among liberals occurred first. According to Ellis and Stimson, liberalism declined as the scope of government expanded: 27 h o w d e m o c r a t s a n d r e p u b l i c a n s t h i n k ( 27 ) Figure 2-1 Macro-ideology and Macropartisanship 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 13 09 20 05 20 01 20 97 20 93 19 89 19 85 19 81 Macro-Ideology 19 77 19 19 73 69 19 65 19 61 19 57 19 19 19 53 0 Macropartisanship The dotted line shows the average percentage of respondents with Democratic identification out of all those identifying with one of the two major parties.
Asymmetric politics : ideological Republicans and group interest Democrats by Matt Grossmann