Archaeological artifacts became a traded commodity largely as the international succeed in of Western society permits quick access to the world's archaeological background. obtained by means of the world's best museums and personal creditors, antiquities were faraway from archaeological websites, monuments, or cultural associations and illegally traded. This selection of essays by means of world-recognized specialists investigates the ways in which com-modifying artifacts fuels the destruction of archaeological background and considers what may be performed to guard it. regardless of becoming nationwide and foreign laws to guard cultural historical past, expanding numbers of archaeological sites-among them, war-torn Afghanistan and Iraq-are topic to pillage because the financial price of artifacts rises. supplying complete examinations of archaeological web site looting, the antiquities alternate, the wreck of cultural historical past assets, and the foreign efforts to strive against their destruction, the authors argue that the antiquities marketplace affects cultural historical past world wide and is a burgeoning worldwide hindrance.
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Extra info for Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade (Cultural Heritage Studies)
Heilmeyer, Wolf-Dieter, and J. Cordelia Eule. Illegale Archäologie? Berlin: Weißensee, 2004. 22 / Neil Brodie Hollowell-Zimmer, Julie. ’” In Ethical Issues in Archaeology, ed. Larry J. Zimmerman, Karen D. Vitelli, and Julie HollowellZimmer, 45–56. : AltaMira, 2003. ICOM. One Hundred Missing Objects: Looting in Angkor. Paris: ICOM, 1997. ———. ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums, 1986. Amended, Paris: ICOM, 2004. ). The Politics of Archaeology and Identity in a Global Context. Boston: Archaeological Institute of America, 2003.
Renfrew, Colin. Loot, Legitimacy and Ownership: The Ethical Crisis in Archaeology. London: Duckworth, 1999. Robinson, Walter V. ” Boston Globe, December 27, 1998. , and J. Yemma. ” Boston Globe, January 16, 1998. Schick, Jürgen. The Gods Are Leaving the Country. Bangkok: White Orchid, 1998. , and Roderick J. ). Plundering Africa’s Past. London: James Currey, 1996. Schuster, Angela M. H. ” Archaeology, January–February 1999, 16–17. Shankar, Ajai. ” In Trade in Illicit Antiquities: The Destruction of the World’s Archaeological Heritage, ed.
But like the “market,” the “museum” should not be treated as an abstract entity imbued with a will and a purpose of its own. In a generic sense the “art museum” is a social institution, but the policies and practices of individual museums are determined by the actions of their governing and curatorial staffs, who are themselves embedded in larger social networks, including those that constitute the trade. Conclusion The antiquities trade transforms monetary, aesthetic, legal, personal, and social values.
Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade (Cultural Heritage Studies)